Art of Geology

This wonderful geological cross-section of the Globe was produced in Paris in the 1860’s by François Hérincq as part of “Traité de botanique générale”. Sections labelled include trachyte, diorite, basalt, porphyry, granite, coal, quartz, ice and sea, as well as Triassic and Jurassic. The original text in French is reproduced below.

COUPE GÉOLOGIQUE DU GLOBE.
1. – TRACHYTE.
2. — DIORITE OU DIABASE.
3. — BASALTE.
4. — PORPHYRE.
5. — LAYE.
6. — GRANIT.
7. — GRAUWACKE (roche d’agrégation formée de granit, de
gneiss, de micaschiste et de schiste argileux).
8. — TERRAINS HOUILLERS.
9. — TRIAS.
10. — TERRAIN JURASSIQUE.
11. — CRAIE.
12. — MOLASSE ou GRÈS QUARTZEUX, avec marne ordinaire.
13. — DILUVIUM ( terrain diluvien des géologues anglais, qui
font concorder les transformations du globe avec la Bible).
14. — ALLUYIONS MODERNES.
15. — LA MER
16. — GLACES.

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